November 9, 2017

American Education System

The education system is very different from its Indian counterparts. It has the world’s most flexible education system where students are allowed to select subjects they find interesting. There is no central ministry of education in the USA & each institution can determine its own programs & admission standards. There are private as well as state funded colleges.

TYPES OF DEGREES

Associate Degree:
It is an academic degree awarded by the community colleges, junior colleges, business colleges and some bachelor’s degree -granting colleges & universities,

American Education System

The education system is very different from its Indian counterparts. It has the world’s most flexible education system where students are allowed to select subjects they find interesting. There is no central ministry of education in the USA & each institution can determine its own programs & admission standards. There are private as well as state funded colleges.

TYPES OF DEGREES

Associate Degree:
It is an academic degree awarded by the community colleges, junior colleges, business colleges and some bachelor’s degree -granting colleges & universities,

upon completion of a course of Study usually lasting two years. In the USA , an associate degree is equivalent to the first two years of a four year college or university degree. It is the lowest in hierarchy of post secondary academic degrees offered in this country.

Bachelors Degree:
Commonly known as Undergraduate degree in India. The duration of the bachelors course is 4 years. Students who have completed a part of their undergraduate degree and want to go to the USA, can apply as a transfer Student. There are two types of bachelors degree: B.A or B.S. Some universities in the USA offer either of the degrees in all fields and at times both the degrees in some field. Students need to appear for SAT & TOEFL/IELTS exams for admission.

Graduate:
Commonly known as a Masters in India. The duration of graduate courses may range from one year to two years depending upon the university. The various types of Masters degree are: MA, MS, MBA, MFA, etc. To qualify for the masters program in the USA, an Indian student needs to have 16 years of formal education. Students who have completed their Bachelors in engineering are qualified whereas the students who have completed their B.Com, B.Sc, B.A need to complete their masters or atleast one year of Masters in India to qualify for admission Students with 15yrs of education and having a post graduate diploma can also apply to specific institutions for specific programs. Students have to appear for the GMAT for management related subjects / GRE for arts, science or any other subjects and TOEFL/ IELTS exams for admission.

Doctorate:
Commonly known as PhD. Duration of the same may range from 3 years to 5 years. Students can take admission for a PhD course after completion of their master’s degree. PhD students need to submit a research proposal. Students need to appear for GRE/GMAT & TOEFL/IELTS exams for admissions.

UNIVERSITIES IN USA
Types of Institutions

Public Universities: These are state-affiliated institutions that are publicly-supported (financed by public taxes) and they’re usually large in size. They normally offer all levels of degrees and many different fields of Study. Public colleges and universities are relatively inexpensive for residents of a state where the schools are located (since they’re funded in large part by state tax revenues). Foreign students pay “out-of-state” tuition, which is higher, often significantly so. There are many notable public universities across the country just a few examples: Pennsylvania State University, Ohio State University, University of California, Kansas State University, University of Texas and University of Missouri.

Small Liberal Arts Colleges: They are usually dedicated primarily to the undergraduate Study of the traditional arts and sciences disciplines: humanities, sciences, and social sciences. Strictly liberal arts colleges are often quite old and are usually private schools. These colleges are usually highly-rated institutions because they stress on small classes, individual attention for their students, and a close relationship between the faculty and students. Many of them also generally have stringent admission standards. Among these schools are: Amherst, Marist, Swarthmore, Manhattan, Smith, Mount Holyoke, Marietta, Bryn Mawr, Oberlin, Grinnell, and Pomona College.

The Ivy League: Although these schools are among the oldest and most famous in the country. Members of the Ivy League are: Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Brown, Dartmouth, Cornell, Columbia, and the University of Pennsylvania . All these schools are in the Northeastern part of the USA. Ivy League colleges stress undergraduate liberal arts education, but they also have noted graduate and professional schools. Tuitions at these private schools is among the highest in the country, and admission is generally highly competitive.

Technical Institutes: These are schools specializing primarily in engineering and science and particularly noted for their research and graduate programs. Most International students who attend these schools are admitted at the graduate degree level. Undergraduates admitted to these schools usually have especially strong backgrounds in math and sciences, as witnessed by grades and standardized test scores (e.g. SAT or GRE). M.I.T. (the Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Cal Poly (California Polytechnic Institute), Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology), NYIT ( New York Institute of Technology) and W.P.I. (Worcester Polytechnic Institute) are a few of the noted schools in this category.

GRADING SYSTEM IN USA
The GPA is a system of judging a student’s performance and is followed throughout the United States. The GPA system is on a maximum scale of 4.0

Grade Points Grade Equivalent
>4 >A High Achievement
>3 >B Satisfactory
>2 >C Minimum Passing
>1 >D Failure

TUITION FEES

USA (PUBLIC)
TUITION FEES IN US $ (per year)
UG 8000 – 15000 $
PG 10000 – 20000 $

USA (PRIVATE)

TUITION FEES IN US $ (per year)
UG 10000 – 20000 $
PG 15000 – 25000 $